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14th Amendment

The 14th Amendment wrote the Declaration of Independence’s promise of freedom and equality into the Constitution. It transformed the Constitution forever. And it’s at the heart of what many scholars refer to as America’s “Second Founding.” Even so, the 14th Amendment is the focus of many of the most important constitutional debates (and Supreme Court cases) today. In many ways, the history of the modern Supreme Court is really a history of modern-day battles over the 14th Amendment’s meaning. Nearly every constitutional case that you care about today turns on the text that we just read.

Upcoming Scholar Exchange: Battles for Equality in America: The 14th Amendment

View all upcoming Scholar Exchanges here.

Big Questions

How did the 14 Amendment transform the Constitution?

How does the 14th Amendment promote equality? How does it protect freedom?

Slavery in America - Visit Companion Unit

Slavery was embedded into America’s fabric by the time of the ratification of the Constitution. Do you think this affected how long slavery lasted in America and how it ended?

Video: Scholar Exchange: Battles for Equality in America: The 14th Amendment - Middle School Level
Video: Scholar Exchange: Battles for Equality in America: The 14th Amendment - High School and College Level
Video: Eric Foner on the creation and contents of the 14th Amendment.
Video: Scholar Exchange: Battles for Equality in America: The 14th Amendment with Kate Masur
Video: The Black Codes & The South Carolina State Convention: A Theatrical Performance
Video: Overview Lesson:
The 14th Amendment
Video: The Dred Scott Decision With Justice Neil Gorsuch

Classroom Materials

Scholar Exchange Briefing Document

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Scholar Exchange Slides

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Explore 14th Amendment Questions

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