Article V

Amendment Process

Signed in convention September 17, 1787. Ratified June 21, 1788

The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.

More about Article V

The Drafting Table

Explore key historical documents that inspired the Framers of the Constitution and each amendment during the drafting process, the early drafts and major proposals behind each provision, and discover how the drafters deliberated, agreed and disagreed, on the path to compromise and the final text.

In the Classroom

Teach the Constitution in your classroom with nonpartisan resources including videos, lesson plans, podcasts, and more. Check out our classroom resources organized by each article or amendment, and by key constitutional questions.

Media Library: Article V

Live At America's Town Hall Podcast

Should the Equal Rights Amendment Be Revived?

Dec 15

Town Hall Video

For Debate: Should the Equal Rights Amendment Be Revived?

Scholars and activists discuss the past and potential of the Equal Rights Amendment.

Dec 9

Blog Post

How a national tragedy led to the 25th amendment

It was on this day in 1967 that two states, Nevada and Minnesota, made the Constitution's 25th amendment a reality, clearing up…

Feb 10

Educational Video

Scholar Exchange: Article V: The Amendment Process With Professor Matthew Pinsker

Matthew Pinsker, Brian Pohanka Chair of Civil War History at Dickinson College and director of the school’s House Divided…

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