23rd Amendment

Presidential Vote for D.C.

Passed by Congress June 16, 1960. Ratified March 29, 1961

Section 1

The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as Congress may direct:

A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.

Section 2

The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Read Interpretations of the 23rd Amendment

More about 23rd Amendment

The Drafting Table

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Media Library: 23rd Amendment

Blog Post

The most obscure Amendment?

On March 29, 1961, Ohio and Kansas voted to ratify the Constitution’s 23rd Amendment. Today, that amendment remains obscure and…

Mar 29

Educational Video

Scholar Exchange: Amendment Review: 27 Amendments in 27 Minutes (All In Level)

In this fast-paced and fun session, President and CEO Jeffrey Rosen and Chief Learning Officer Kerry Sautner review all of the 27…

Mar 5

Blog Post

The 23rd Amendment and the chance of a tied 2020 presidential election

On Election Day, an old topic will get new life when political pundits discuss the chance of a deadlocked presidential contest…

Nov 3

Educational Video

Amendment Review: 27 Amendments in 27 Minutes … Plus a Few More (High School/College Level)

In this fast-paced and fun session, Chief Learning Officer Kerry Sautner and Senior Fellow for Constitutional Studies Thomas…

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