Fourth Amendment

Search and Seizure

Passed by Congress September 25, 1789. Ratified December 15, 1791. The first 10 amendments form the Bill of Rights

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Read Interpretations of the Fourth Amendment

More about Fourth Amendment

The Drafting Table

Coming soon for this provision! Until then, you can use Writing Rights to explore key historical documents, early drafts and major proposals behind each provision, and discover how the drafters deliberated, agreed and disagreed, on the path to compromise and the final text.

In the Classroom

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Media Library: Fourth Amendment

Live At America's Town Hall Podcast

Jeffrey Rosen on Conversations with RBG

Nov 12

Blog Post

Happy birthday, Bill of Rights!

Today we celebrate the anniversary of the first 10 amendments, known as the Bill of Rights (ratified December 15, 1791). Here’s…

Dec 15

Educational Video

The Fourth Amendment

A deep dive into the Fourth Amendment, which protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures.

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