11th Amendment

Suits Against States

Passed by Congress March 4, 1794. Ratified February 7, 1795. The 11th Amendment changed a portion of Article III, Section 2

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.

Read Interpretations of The Eleventh Amendment

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The Drafting Table

Explore key historical documents that inspired the Framers of the Constitution and each amendment during the drafting process, the early drafts and major proposals behind each provision, and discover how the drafters deliberated, agreed and disagreed, on the path to compromise and the final text.

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Media Library: 11th Amendment

Blog Post

Justices take on major states’ rights dispute

Taking on a new case that could draw it back to the very origins of the Constitution, the Supreme Court agreed Monday to decide…

Jun 3

Blog Post

The 11th Amendment: Correcting the Supreme Court in action

The Constitution’s first amendment after the Bill of Rights represented the first use of congressional power to contradict a…

Feb 7

Blog Post

Impasse looms on Gorsuch nomination

The leaders of the two parties in the U.S. Senate, appearing separately on a TV talk show on Sunday morning, indicated that each…

Apr 2

Blog Post

11th Amendment: Suits Against States

When the Supreme Court held in the 1793 case Chisholm v. Georgia that a state could be sued in federal court under Article III of…

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