Ninth Amendment

Non-Enumerated Rights Retained by People

Passed by Congress September 25, 1789. Ratified December 15, 1791. The first 10 amendments form the Bill of Rights

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Read Interpretations of the Ninth Amendment

More about Ninth Amendment

The Drafting Table

Coming soon for this provision! Until then, you can use Writing Rights to explore key historical documents, early drafts and major proposals behind each provision, and discover how the drafters deliberated, agreed and disagreed, on the path to compromise and the final text.

In the Classroom

Teach the Constitution in your classroom with nonpartisan resources including videos, lesson plans, podcasts, and more. Check out our classroom resources organized by each article or amendment, and by key constitutional questions.

Media Library: Ninth Amendment

Blog Post

Happy birthday, Bill of Rights!

Today we celebrate the anniversary of the first 10 amendments, known as the Bill of Rights (ratified December 15, 1791). Here’s…

Dec 15

Educational Video

The Ninth Amendment

The Ninth Amendment states that "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or…

Sep 6

Town Hall Video

Bill of Rights Day 2017

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