Constitution Daily

Smart conversation from the National Constitution Center

Happy birthday, 27th Amendment!

May 7, 2016 by NCC Staff


Source: Mokra (Stock Exchange).

Today we celebrate the 24th anniversary of the 27th Amendment (ratified May 7, 1992). Here’s what you need to know:


The 27th Amendment makes sure that members of Congress can't vote for their own pay raises (or pay cuts)--any change in compensation won't take effect until the next election.


The 27th Amendment, which is the most recent addition to the Constitution, was actually among the amendments that James Madison proposed in 1789. Ten of those amendments were approved and became known as the Bill of Rights, but this one languished for another 203 years, making it the longest ratification process in U.S. history.

So what revived Madison's original vision? In 1982, Gregory Watson, a 20-year-old college student at the University of Texas, Austin, wrote a paper on Madison's unratified proposal. He launched a letter-writing campaign and within a decade, in large part thanks to his efforts, what would have been the Second Amendment was passed as the 27th Amendment.


No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

Sign up for our email newsletter