Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643)
She was banished for her beliefs
Anne Marbury was born in England. At 21, she married William Hutchinson. The Hutchinsons became followers of John Cotton, a preacher who taught that people are responsible directly to God — not the church — for their actions. Cotton was arrested for challenging the Anglican Church's authority and fled to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Hutchinson family followed.
As she had in England, Anne Hutchinson held religious meetings in her home and refused to stick closely to the rules of worship required by the Puritan leaders who governed the colony. She was put on trial in 1637, convicted and banished from Massachusetts.
Hutchinson's story is one chapter in the long struggle to establish the constitutional principle of religious freedom.