On July 14, foreign ministers from the United States, Iran, Russia, China, U.K., France and Germany reached an international accord regarding Iran’s nuclear program.
Secretary of State John Kerry has said the deal would increase Iran’s so-called “breakout time”—the time it could take Iran to make enough material for a nuclear bomb. According to Kerry, once the agreement is implemented, Iran’s breakout time goes from two to three months to one year or more.
In exchange, the United Nations and Western powers would drop sanctions against Iran in phases, giving Iran an infusion of capital and allowing it to rejoin international financial systems and sell more oil.
In Washington, however, where Congress has two months to review the deal, it has been unpopular in some quarters and has been a source of controversy since the accord was reached.
Two experts on international law joined our Jeffrey Rosen to discuss constitutional concerns about the deal.
David Rivkin is a partner at BakerHostetler. He is also a member of the firm’s litigation, international, and environmental teams and co-leader of the firm’s national Appellate Practice.
Julian Ku is the Maurice A. Deane Distinguished Professor of Constitutional Law and Faculty Director of International Programs at the Hofstra University School of Law. His primary research interest is the relationship of international law to constitutional law.
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