National Constitution CenterCenturies of Citizenship: A Constitutional Timeline Exhibit
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1825-1849: We become a land of the common man, though not yet a democracy for all

Throughout an expanding republic in the late 1820s and 1830s, the “common man” was finally having his say. Property qualifications for voting fell, and the electorate swelled to include almost all white men. But this unprecedented commitment to equality didn’t touch all Americans. The treatment of African Americans worsened. Women, too, were denied equal rights. And as the country expanded west, American Indians were forced to move from their homelands, often at the point of a bayonet.

   
  February 12, 1825
On this day Creek Indians sign treaty with the U.S., agreeing to turn over land and move west
  March 4, 1825
On this day John Quincy Adams inaugurated as president
  October 26, 1825
On this day Construction completed on Erie Canal
  July 4, 1826
On this day Both Thomas Jefferson and John Adams pass away on July 4, exactly fifty years after signing Declaration of Independence
  March 16, 1827
On this day John Russwurm and Samuel Cornish publish Freeman’s Journal in New York City, founding first black-run newspaper in U.S.
March 4, 1829
Jackson rides into office on the shoulders of the common man
April 13, 1830
Two toasts...two views of the Union
  May 28, 1830
On this day Congress passes Indian Removal Act, setting aside land in Oklahoma for eastern tribes
  December 21, 1830
On this day Georgia extends jurisdiction over lands secured to Cherokee by federal treaty
  January 1, 1831
On this day William Lloyd Garrison begins publishing The Liberator, a radical antislavery newspaper
  November 24, 1832
On this day South Carolina “nullifies” Tariff Acts of 1828 and 1832
  December 10, 1832
On this day President Jackson repudiates nullification in proclamation to people of South Carolina
  January 16, 1833
On this day Congress passes Force Act of 1833, enforcing federal laws against nullification
  July 6, 1835
On this day Having served as Chief Justice for 34 years, John Marshall dies in Philadelphia
  March 15, 1836
On this day Roger Taney becomes Chief Justice of the U.S.
  March 4, 1837
On this day Martin Van Buren inaugurated as president
November 7, 1837
Pro-slavery mob destroys abolitionist’s printing press
February 22, 1838
As white men gain voting rights, free black men lose theirs
May 23, 1838
U.S. troops force the Cherokee from their land
  March 4, 1841
On this day William H. Harrison inaugurated as president
  April 6, 1841
On this day Following death of William H. Harrison one month after his inauguration, John Tyler becomes president
  May 1, 1843
On this day Wagon train filled with 1,000 settlers departs Independence, Missouri, bound for Oregon
  May 24, 1844
On this day Samuel F.B. Morse sends first telegram from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore
  March 4, 1845
On this day James K. Polk inaugurated as president
  February 4, 1846
On this day Brigham Young begins Mormon migration to Utah
  February 22, 1846
On this day Liberty Bell rings for the last time; cracks while tolling in honor of George Washington’s birthday
  May 13, 1846
On this day Congress passes declaration of war against Mexico
  August 8, 1846
On this day PA Congressman David Wilmot sets off intense Congressional debate, proposing banning slavery in any territory gained in Mexican War
  July 1, 1847
On this day U.S. Post Office issues first official postage stamp
  January 24, 1848
On this day Gold discovered at Sutter’s Mill, CA
February 2, 1848
The Mexican war is over, but the fight over slavery in the territories goes on
July 20, 1848
The Seneca Falls Convention calls for equal civil and political rights for women
  March 5, 1849
On this day Zachary Taylor inaugurated as president

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