Preliminary Emancipation: View Results of Your Choice
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Border State hostility to emancipation was indeed a risk, but I believed it could be contained. And so, on September 22, 1862, I issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. Unless Southerners laid down arms by the New Year, I warned, I would exercise my authority as commander-in-chief to emancipate all slaves in rebel-controlled areas of the country. On January 1, 1863, that’s just what I did. The war was now a struggle not only to save the Union, but for black freedom as well.

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