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PUTTING THE 14TH AMENDMENT TO THE TEST

Photos © Carol H. Feeley

The citizenship clause of the 14th Amendment reads: “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.” This language recently has come under attack by those who believe that, by giving birth to "anchor babies" who automatically have American citizenship, illegal immigrants are using the 14th Amendment to gain a legal foothold in the U.S. Putting the 14th Amendment to the Test explores whether the language of the 14th Amendment should be modified, left in its present state, or reinterpreted to deny citizenship to the children of illegal immigrants.

Jeff Greenfield, senior political correspondent for CBS News, moderates this timely program addressing the issue of immigration reform and birthright citizenship with Fellows of the Peter Jennings Project and distinguished guests John C. Eastman, Daryl Metcalfe, Jorge Mursuli, Marjorie Rendell, and Cecillia Wang.

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Dr. John C. Eastman is the Donald P. Kennedy Chair in Law at Chapman University School of Law, and also served as the School’s Dean from June 2007 to January 2010, when he stepped down to pursue a bid for California Attorney General. He is the Founding Director of the Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence, a public interest law firm affiliated with the Claremont Institute. Previously, Eastman served as the Henry Salvatori Professor of Law & Community Service. Prior to joining the Chapman Law faculty in August 1999, he served as a law clerk with Justice Clarence Thomas at the Supreme Court of the United States and with Judge J. Michael Luttig at the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. Eastman also practiced with the national law firm of Kirkland & Ellis, specializing in major civil and constitutional litigation at both the trial and appellate levels.

Jeff Greenfield is a veteran reporter of politics, media, and culture, and the senior political correspondent for CBS News. Greenfield previously spent nine years at CNN as senior analyst, where he covered primaries, conventions, presidential debates, and election nights, among other events. He was a political and media analyst for ABC News from 1983 to 1997, appearing on “Nightline” and delivering weekly commentaries for “World News Sunday.” Greenfield’s first stint at CBS was from 1979 to 1983, when he served as media commentator. His work has appeared in numerous publications, including The New York Times Magazine, Harper's and National Lampoon, and he is the author or co-author of 11 books.

Daryl Metcalfe, recognized by the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette as the Pennsylvania General Assembly’s “No. 1 Conservative,” and a multiple-time, highest-ranking lawmaker on the Pennsylvania Liberty Index, currently is serving his seventh term in office. Metcalfe serves as the Republican Majority Chairman of the Pennsylvania House State Government Committee. During his tenure, he has been a leader on the issues of taxpayer protection, education reform, ending Pennsylvania’s illegal alien invasion, protection of Second Amendment freedoms, outlawing teacher strikes, and the Right to Work. Other legislative initiatives include proposals to completely eliminate property taxes in the Commonwealth and requiring voter referendum for any and all future local tax increases. Prior to his election, Metcalfe was employed with Dade Behring (formerly DuPont Diagnostics) for 13 years as a field engineer, where he was responsible for managing a biomedical service territory in western Pennsylvania. Metcalfe attended Kansas State University while serving in the United States Army at Fort Riley in Kansas.

Jorge Mursuli emigrated from Cuba to Brooklyn, New York in 1967. Under his leadership, Democracia Ahora has grown to be one of the most effective Hispanic civic engagement and leadership training organizations in the nation. Previously, Mursuli served on the Board of the Greater Miami Convention and Visitor’s Bureau. He is the former Chair of the Miami-Dade County Community Relations Board Task Force on Police/Community Relations. In 2001, Mursuli joined People for the American Way (PFAW) Foundation as the Florida State Director. In September 2002, PFAW together with SAVE Dade, led the fight – and were victorious – against a repeal of the sexual orientation clause in Miami-Dade’s Human Rights Ordinance. During the 2002 and 2004 elections, he was instrumental in organizing PFAW Foundation’s Election Protection program. Mursuli received his Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Florida. Currently, he serves on the National Board of the League of Conservation Voters.

Marjorie O. Rendell was the 43rd First Lady of Pennsylvania, and currently serves on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Previously, she served as a judge of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and as an attorney with the law firm of Duane, Morris & Heckscher LLP, where she became the firm’s second woman partner. Rendell is a Fellow of the American College of Bankruptcy, an inaugural member and Master of the Villanova University School of Law J. Willard O’Brien Inn of Court, an elected member of The American Law Institute, and a member of the American Bankruptcy Institute, the Federal Judges Association, the American Judicature Society, and the National Association of Women Judges.

Cecillia Wang is the Managing Attorney for the California office of the American Civil Liberties Union’s Immigrants' Rights Project, which focuses on the intersection of immigration and criminal law and the impact of U.S. national security policies on non-citizens. Wang began her career at the Immigrants’ Rights Project as a fellow in 1997-98 and rejoined the Project in 2004 after working at the federal public defender office for the Southern District of New York. From 2002 to 2004, she was appointed to the Criminal Justice Act indigent defense panel for the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. Previously, Wang served as a clerk for Judge William Norris of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and Justice Harry Blackmun of the Supreme Court of the United States.